During the era in which Chinese civilization bloomed, four thousand years ago, Caucasian people were active in the region and left their mark through a artifacts only recently uncovered which have been controversial from the outset.
These people were clearly from an ancient European type which no longer exists in that form today, but gives some historical context to the wandering life of Europeans before they settled in Europe, including the settling of lands in Asia:
In the middle of a terrifying desert north of Tibet, Chinese archaeologists have excavated an extraordinary cemetery. Its inhabitants died almost 4,000 years ago, yet their bodies have been well preserved by the dry air.
The cemetery lies in what is now China’s northwest autonomous region of Xinjiang, yet the people have European features, with brown hair and long noses. Their remains, though lying in one of the world’s largest deserts, are buried in upside-down boats. And where tombstones might stand, declaring pious hope for some god’s mercy in the afterlife, their cemetery sports instead a vigorous forest of phallic symbols, signaling an intense interest in the pleasures or utility of procreation.
…All the men who were analyzed had a Y chromosome that is now mostly found in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Siberia, but rarely in China. The mitochondrial DNA, which passes down the female line, consisted of a lineage from Siberia and two that are common in Europe.
As the debate on cultural appropriation ramps up, the presence of Europeans during the birth of Chinese civilization gives rise to the question of how much influence these quasi-nomadic people had on the development of that culture.
Da Yu, ( Chinese: “Yu the Great”) Wade-Giles romanization Ta Yü, in Chinese mythology, the Tamer of the Flood, a saviour-hero and reputed founder of China’s oldest dynasty, the Xia. One legend among many recounts Da Yu’s extraordinary birth: a man called Gun was given charge of controlling a great deluge. To dam the water, he stole from heaven what seems to have been a piece of magic soil. Angered by the theft, the Lord on High (Shangdi) issued an order for his execution. After three years Gun’s miraculously preserved body was slit open and a son brought forth. This was Da Yu who, after years of strenuous labour, provided outlets to the sea through dredging, with the aid of dragons, thus making the world suitable for human habitation.
Some of the earliest legends about Yu describe him as a dragon or as a half-dragon, half-human creature. Later myths portray him as wholly human but say that he could take the form of various creatures.
Chinese History: The White Tribes of Ancient China
An Artists impression of what this mummie possibly looked like when alive.
4,000 Year Old Lost Tribe
One of the most fantastic finds in the last half of the twentieth century has to be the discovery of a Northern European tribe found in the northeast corner of Xinjiang province, near the Celestial Mountains and the Taklimakan Desert on the edge of the Gobi desert.
The story starts in 1978 when the Chinese archaeologist, Wang Binghus, started searching for ancient sites. He began by following stream beds, and asking the locals if they had ever come across any broken pots and artifacts. He eventually came across a few people who pointed out that there was a place called Qizilchoqa, or, as the local people called it, Red hill. Here he made the most amazing discovery, the first of the mummies. It had been placed in a grave on the side of the hill.
He looks like he is sleeping, but he is over 4,000 years old!
It was a simple site, rush mats were on the floor, and some of the bodies were buried in the foetal position. In effect, the mummies were not what you would call real mummies, in the sense that they were not embalmed. They had been preserved in an amazing way. They had been placed in the ground, which had been subjected to a unique weather system. Heat, aridity, and bitter winter cold, mixed with a salty soil, had preserved them better than other mummies found around the world. Even the clothing was still perfectly recognizable.
The bodies were excavated and taken to the museum in the city of Urumqi. There were 113 bodies taken from the site. At the time the Chinese government did not have enough funds to excavate the find. Wang eventually discovered three more burial sites.
The faces of the mummies were very well preserved, so, on closer examination, they could see that they were not Chinese. They had blonde hair, big eyes, and European noses.
At that time, Chinese tradition had always shown the fact that they believed China had developed independently from the rest of the world. Because of this, the government was reluctant to bring the finds to the public attention.
But soon they realized that the proof was irrefutable.
Tarim – map where the mummies were found
The most extraordinary thing about the mummies was the fact that their clothes were in such good condition. A jacket belonging to one man, over three thousand years old, still had a crimson edge. And the women had artificial extensions in their hair.
This tribe was obviously very advanced for its day. On one of the mummies, there is a scar which shows they had rudimentary operating skills. It had been sown up with horses hair.
Mummie of Tarim The beauty of loulan..
When the West was eventually allowed to visit the mummies, Dr. Victor Mair, who was a Professor of Chinese at Pennsylvania University, took a tour around the museum. Imagine his surprise when he saw these amazing mummies, which had been kept in a dark room, in glass-topped boxes.
At this time, the Chinese authorities were still a bit reluctant to let anybody know about them, so it has taken quite a long time for the West to be able to study them properly.
Eventually in 1993, they were allowed back with a team of geneticists from Italy. And this is when they began to study them properly. They used the most up to date technology of the time to confirm the date of the mummies. They now believe that they are about 4,000 years old, and the youngest about 2,000. There are probably many more to be found, possibly in the same region of China, but it is also possible they could have settled anywhere in China, as long as the conditions were suitable to live in.
Is this the original Witches hat that has come down through history? Maybe genetic memory is involved!
Atlantean Gardens – wording.
These people were from the Bronze age, they were Caucasian, and it is possible that they interacted with the indigenous people at that time. The local people probably taught them their traditions, and the Caucasians most likely introduced them to their way of life as well.
There were two cartwheels found at the burial sites, very similar to what you might find in Russia, or nearby countries. These amazing people were probably Scandinavian or German; it is amazing to think that they trekked across China all the way from Europe, 4,000 years ago, taking their traditions and language with them. How many other tribes were there? Who knows?
The Beauty of Loulan Mummie artists impression
I think that one of the most fascinating things about this story is that the local people, even today, that live in the area where the bodies were found speak a language called Tocharian, the most eastern branch of Indo-European.
This language is closely related to German and Celtic. I think the other most amazing thing about these people is that they walked all the way across China, taking with them their families, and a mixture of animals, probably goats and sheep.
Feeling the cold, and the heat, catching diseases that they didn’t know anything about, unsure whether they would survive the different climate. Babies were born, people died, and all the time not knowing whether they would be safe or if the indigenous people would accept them.
Their lust for adventure and discovering new places gave them strength and determination to survive. They were amazing people, and I hope that soon we will be able to see these wonderful discoveries and learn more about these courageous human beings that came from the beginning of history.
European Influence on Ancient China
Few people are aware of the very strong influence of European immigrants in founding Chinese civilization. Skulls of Nordic type have been found in tombs of the first dynasty, the Shang. Words for chariot, prince, king, and horse show obvious European parallels. More detailed proof of this can be found in the archives of the forums listed at the bottom of this post.
The Tocharians were a Nordic Indo-European people who migrated from central Europe and reached Xinjiang around 3000 BC. Some of their well-preserved mummies with blond and red hair have been discovered.
Here is a quotation from INDOEUROPEAN AND THE INDOEUROPEANS, by Gamkrelidze and Ivanov, Vol. II, pages 828-829:
Tocharian migrations to the east and Indo-European loans in Chinese”
“Tocharian diverged from Proto-Indo-European fairly early, with its speakers remaining together with other dialect groupings in the original Indo-European territory.
This is the time when the isoglosses linking Tocharian with dialect areas including Anatolian, Italic, and Celtic could have arisen…However, the separation of Italic and Celtic from the protolanguage had not yet taken place when Tocharian separated from Anatolian and the Tocharians moved eastward toward central Asia. The Tocharian dialects were clearly the first eastward migratory wave, preceding even the Indo-Iranian migrations.
“In historical times, Tocharian dialects can be detected in Chinese Turkestan in the first millennium B.C. (Pulleyblank 1966). They are the source of Indo-European words in Chinese (and some other East Asian languages) such as …OChin *miet ‘honey’ (cf. Toch B mit < *miät ‘honey’), Chin quan, OChin. kiwen ‘dog’ (cf. Toch. B ku, acc. kwem ‘dog’), Chin. niu, OChin ,ngieu ‘bull’, cf. also Chin. gu bull’, OChin. ‘kuo besides Toch. A ko, acc. ki, B eu ‘cow’, Chin. zhu ‘pig’, cf. Toch. B suwo ‘pig’, swanana ‘pertaining to pig’ (cf. Karlgren 1923, 1940). It may have been the same source that gave Chinese mythology its image of sacred horses pulling the chariot of the sun (Pulleyblank 1966:31-32) and the view of the Big Dipper as a carriage.
“Not only linguistic and mythological data testify to contacts of ancient China with Indo-European-speaking tribes; so do archeological remains of chariots harnessed with horses recently found in the territory of Yin [or Shang] Dynasty China. In particular, a two-wheeled carriage of western Asian type was found in Hsiao-t’un together with the skeletons of two horses that had been harnessed to it. Also from the Yin dynasty are sacrificial pits with skeletons of horses and other sacrificial animals (see Kucera 1977:132-42, 182-85).
“Significantly, the entry of this type of chariot into Yin China took place, according to archeologists, due to contacts with powerful Central Asian populations who had chariots of the early Near Eastern type. These tribes must have had a fairly high level of socioeconomic and political development, which enabled them to bring a new type of military organization from the Near East across all Central Asia (see Kozin 1977:284-85) [more recent evidence indicates that the chariot was invented in Russia, not the Middle East. The first chariots were by the Ural mountains.]
“The early linguistic connections between Indo-European and Chinese leave no doubt that the people behind this Central Asian culture were specifically Indo-European tribes, who penetrated to eastern Central Asia from Southwest Asia in their chariots. [actually, they came from Russia, not southwest Asia] A fuller picture of the movement of these tribes awaits detailed archeological investigation of the vast and little-studied expanses of Central Asia, which formed an intermediate zone in the eastward migrations of the ancient Indo-Europeans.”
“Physical-anthropological evidence has recently come to light indicating a significant European contribution to the population that entered the Chinese province of Hansu [should be Gansu, formerly called Kansu] in Central Asia (Goxman and Resetov 1981). Migration routes for the European population have been established in the Altai Mountains and the upper Ob region (where these people could have had linguistic contacts with Uralic speakers). Archeologists trace the source of this migration to the ‘post-Mediterranean’ population of Tajikistan (Dremov 1980). Recent finds of European skulls in Bronze-Age Mongolia (Mamonova 1980) and the Tuva are (Goxman 1980, Goxman and Resetov 1981) show that the European and Asian populations were in physical proximity at that period. Physical anthropologists mention the need for reconsideration of earlier views on the physical type of the population of Central Asia and southern Siberia.”
Actually, a professor named McGovern wrote a book in 1939 called EARLY EMPIRES OF CENTRAL ASIA which uses Chinese and other sources to extensively document the major presence of blonds and redheads in central Asia and China in ancient times. Caucasoid skulls continue to be found today in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia dating to the period before the first Chinese dynasty. Caucasoid skulls dating from ancient and prehistoric times have been found in Kazakhstan and near the Tien Shan mountains too.
Nearly all ancient Chinese techonology was borrowed from Europe.