European’s in America 22,000 years ago.

Dam Bursts: Washington Post reports “Soultrean Theory.”

Ten years ago scientists who talked about ancient Caucasians in North America were denounced as “racists” in the media. Now it is mainstream science backed by the top institutions. In the past two years the entire history of the first inhabitants of North America has been turned upside down.

From Washington Post…

When the crew of the Virginia scallop trawler Cinmar hauled a mastodon tusk onto the deck in 1970, another oddity dropped out of the net: a dark, tapered stone blade, nearly eight inches long and still sharp.

Forty years later, this rediscovered prehistoric slasher has reopened debate on a radical theory about who the first Americans were and when they got here.

When the crew of the Virginia scallop trawler Cinmar hauled a mastodon tusk onto the deck in 1970, another oddity dropped out of the net: a dark, tapered stone blade, nearly eight inches long and still sharp.

Forty years later, this rediscovered prehistoric slasher has reopened debate on a radical theory about who the first Americans were and when they got here.

Archaeologists have long held that North America remained unpopulated until about 15,000 years ago, when Siberian people walked or boated into Alaska and then moved down the West Coast.

But the mastodon relic found near the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay turned out to be 22,000 years old, suggesting that the blade was just as ancient.

Whoever fashioned that blade was not supposed to be here.

Its makers probably paddled from Europe and arrived in America thousands of years ahead of the western migration, making them the first Americans, argues Smithsonian Institution anthropologist Dennis Stanford.

“I think it’s feasible,” said Tom Dillehay, a prominent archaeologist at Vanderbilt University. “The evidence is building up, and it certainly warrants discussion.”

At the height of the last ice age, Stanford says, mysterious Stone Age European people known as the Solutreans paddled along an ice cap jutting into the North Atlantic. They lived like Inuits, harvesting seals and seabirds.

The Solutreans eventually spread across North America, Stanford says, hauling their distinctive blades with them and giving birth to the later Clovis culture, which emerged some 13,000 years ago.

When Stanford proposed this “Solutrean hypothesis” in 1999, colleagues roundly rejected it. One prominent archaeologist suggested that Stanford was throwing his career away.

But now, 13 years later, Stanford and Bruce Bradley, an archaeologist at England’s University of Exeter, lay out a detailed case — bolstered by the curious blade and other stone tools recently found in the mid-Atlantic — in a new book, “Across Atlantic Ice.”

Recent evidence supporting Solutrean Hypothesis

Recent evidence supporting Solutrean Hypothesis

Brazil – 50,000 years ago (“Other evidence suggests that these first Americans were later massacred by invaders from Asia” and “Combined with rock art evidence of increasing violence at this time, it appears that the mongoloid people from the north invaded and wiped out the original Americans.”)

Phoenicians – Brazil

Cactus Hill – Virginia – 18,000 years ago (“They also found evidence to support one of the most provocative developments of our time: the growing suspicion among physical anthropologists, archaeologists, and even geneticists that some of the first people who settled in the New World were Europeans.”)

Topper – South Carolina – 16,000-50,000 years ago (“In 1998, Goodyear put the Topper site on the map with his discovery of artifacts that seemed to predate the early Clovis culture that flourished in North America beginning some 13,000 years ago, long the conventional date for the first human colonization of the New World.”)

Meadowcroft Rockshelter – Pennsylvania – 13,000-19,000 years ago

Saltville – Virginia – 14,500 years ago

Mexico – 13,000 years ago (“The latest dating is not only confirmation that humans were present in the Americas much earlier than 12,000 years ago, but also that they were not related to early native Americans.”)

Arlington Springs Woman – California – 13,000 years ago

Monte Verde, Chile – 12,500 years ago; hearth charcoal dated 33,000 years ago

Schafer, Hebior, Mud Lake – Wisconsin – 12,000 years ago

Sloth Hole – Florida – 12,000 years ago

Little Salt Spring – Florida – 12,000 years ago

Windover Pond – Florida – 9,000 years ago

European skull – West Virginia – 1,300 years ago (“The Skull, that of an adult male, was sufficiently preserved to recognize a unique brachycephalic (round headed) feature indicating a possible European origin” and “Mitochondrial DNA was extracted from the roots of the teeth and compared to previously cataloged DNA sequences from ethnic groups around the world. No association was found among North American groups. The closest DNA matches were European.”)

Toloquilla Quarry, Mexico – 1,300,000 years ago (“If these really are (human) footprints, and they were made 1.3 million years ago, that would be absolutely revolutionary.”)

We Support Solutrean Liberation Front!

Solutrean Liberation Front

“I am the vanguard of the Volk, the hero of the Occident, and the arch-nemesis of the enemies of my people. I live in occupied Vinland, and I am the epitome of Western Man.”

Synopsis of the Novel

In White Apocalypse, a rogue anthropologist teams up with a proponent of the Solutrean Hypothesis and a fiery lawyer in order to reveal to the world the shocking truth that carries immense cultural, political, and racial significance: 17,000 years ago, white people immigrated to North and South America from Europe, and when the Amerindians arrived by crossing the Bering Strait roughly 12,000 years ago, the latter subsequently and systematically murdered the former. The powers that be will do everything that they can to prevent this controversial theory from being espoused by the trio, and during this action-packed, semi-fictional thriller, the epic adventure will take the advocates of historical revisionism from the forests of southeastern Michigan to a federal courtroom in Ohio, from the busy streets of Washington, D.C. to an Amerindian reservation in Virginia!

Scientist on NPR discusses Solutrean Hypothesis

From NPR: Hunting For Traces Of America’s First Inhabitants
Reporting in Science, researchers write of finding blades and spear points that pre-date Clovis tools — long thought to be the earliest evidence of people in the Americas. Archaeologist Michael B. Collins talks about how the discovery could change theories about the first inhabitants.

Joining me now to talk about the research is one of the authors of a study that’s out in this week’s journal Science. Michael B. Collins is director of the Gault Archaeological Project. He’s also a research professor of anthropology at Texas State University in San Marcos.

FLATOW: But why do you go deeper, where some other scientists might have stopped?
Dr. COLLINS: Well, we’re working against an inertia, two inertias, really, that one has said for very many years that Clovis was the oldest culture in the Americas, at around 13,000 to 13,200 or 13,300 years ago. And some people haven’t gotten over that, in spite of the fact for the last nearly 20 years we have had quite a few sites with strong indications of people being here before Clovis. And another thing – and that’s improving. More and more people are accepting the concept or are at least willing to investigate it. The other thing, the other inertia that we have, and it’s also improving rapidly and greatly: American archaeology has – grew up in the social sciences.

FLATOW: There’s a hypothesis that the first Americans may have crossed over around 16,000 years ago not from the familiar Siberian land bridge that we’ve heard about but from Europe. [Emphasis Added] How does that hypothesis come about, and is there any evidence to support it? And how do you cross the Atlantic Ocean?

Dr. COLLINS: Well, those are huge questions. And it’s a bold hypothesis that has been around for a while, but it’s currently being formulated and talked about and not enjoying a whole lot of acceptance. But if you look at the archaeological, the earliest archaeological materials that we know from the western side of the Western Hemisphere, all down the west side of North America and South America, there is a technology, a way of making stone tools that really has an Asian flavor to it. And it probably fits with genetic and other evidence that much of the ancestry of the Americas derived out of Siberia, biologically and technologically. On the other side of the continent, some of the earliest archaeological evidence that we have actually has a – and this includes Clovis – has a technological signature very similar to the Solutrean culture of primarily France and Spain that dates between about 21,000 and 16,000 years ago. Those – that technology is so similar that it’s awfully hard to imagine it having sprung up independently in two different places. [Emphasis Added] So then you have the question of: How do you bring a culture across the North Atlantic?

FLATOW: Yet you say this theory is not very well accepted?
Dr. COLLINS: That’s true, but – and it’s because nobody has very thoroughly and systemically put together all the various lines of evidence. That’s about to change later this year. Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian Institution and Bruce Bradley of Exeter University in England have a book that’s in the final stages of editing at the University of California Press putting together the oceanographic, archaeological, ethnographic evidence that really tightens up that hypothesis. And they simply presented it as a hypothesis, but I find it a very compelling one. [Emphasis Added]